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    2021年4月船舶拍卖市场评述
    2021-05-17 09:26:44  来源:浙江船舶交易市场  浏览次数:520  文字:【大】 【中】 【小】

    2021年4月船舶拍卖市场评述

    4月,在国内散货运输需求增长和外贸运输市场强势表现的带动下,市场运力依旧偏紧,散货运输价格高位波动。由于工业用电依旧处于高位,煤炭价格居高不下且仍有一定上涨空间,下阶段,“迎峰度夏”即将来临,电厂加快补库节奏,煤炭市场持续升温。受高运价影响,船东信心较足,买船热情较高,但市场在售船舶有限,本月船舶拍卖项目较上月有所减少。总体来看,中国船舶拍卖市场累计拍卖48艘次,成交29艘次,成交率60.4%,起拍价累计约67207万人民币,成交额累计36345万人民币,拍卖艘次虽不及上月,但成交额仍保持上涨。

    一、沿海运价持续高位,船东惜售情绪较浓

    本月内外贸运输市场继续延续上月走势,运价高位波动,二手干散货船询盘较多。根据拍船网(www.shipbid.net)统计数据4月,中国船舶拍卖市场累计拍卖48艘次,环比减少30艘次,同比增加18艘次。其中,干散货类船舶拍卖12艘次,环比减少7艘次,液货类船舶拍卖5艘次,环比增加4艘次。成交率方面,本月累计成交29艘次,环比减少14艘次,成交率为60.4%,成交率环比有所上升。

    拍卖成交金额环比继续增长。4月,中国船舶拍卖市场起拍价累计约67207万人民币,环比增加26642万人民币,同比增加46729万人民币;成交额累计36345万人民币,环比增加2573万人民币,同比增加33879万人民币。

     

    图1 中国船舶拍卖市场拍卖艘次情况

     

    图2 中国船舶拍卖市场拍卖金额情况

    二、内外贸干散货运输市场火爆,液货运输市场较为平静

    煤炭需求未因气温上升而回落,总体呈现“淡季不淡”的走势,煤炭、钢材价格连破新高,铁矿石等原材料价格也处于高位,促使国内运输市场运力持续紧张,干散货运价居高难下,船东买船热情较高,二手干散货船交易市场一船难求。液货运输市场则相对平稳,原油价格较前期有所上涨,成品油价格相应走高,但下游市场总体需求稳定,运价波动不大。

    司法拍卖方面,本月拍卖船舶27艘次,成交13艘次,起拍价总额40296万元,成交总额4210万元;商业拍卖方面,本月拍卖船舶21艘次,成交16艘次,起拍价总额26911万元,成交总额32134万元。本月司法拍卖成交船舶有限,而商业拍卖项目增幅明显,成交额环比增幅达47.7%。

    重点船舶拍卖情况,干散货船舶方面,“华融5”5.27万吨散货船以11340万人民币成交,溢价率达48%,“新海洲29”2.2万吨散货船以4825万人民币成交,“金诚18”3.5万吨散货船以9130万人民币成交。油运船舶方面,油运船舶成交依旧低位,“和宇17”油船以395万人民币成交。其他船型方面,工程船和客滚类船舶本月成交较少,分别成交3艘次和2艘次,渔业用船拍卖项目较多,但成交仅4艘次。


    「拍卖成交船舶案例」

    干散货类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载重吨

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    成交价

    万元

    出价次数

    1

    华融5

    无限

    52713

    2012

    浙江

    7660

    11340

    209

    2

    新海洲29

    沿海

    22285

    2009

    浙江

    3835

    4825

    59

    3

    华融2

    无限

    56439

    2013

    浙江

    8800

    12000

    131

    液货类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载重量

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    成交价

    万元

    出价次数

    1

    和宇17

    沿海

    918

    2012

    浙江

    330

    395

    28

    工程类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载重量

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    成交价

    万元

    出价次数

    1

    GSE010

    沿海

    -

    2016

    浙江

    3500

    4090

    59

    「拍卖船舶预告」

    干散类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载重吨

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    1

    嘉泉永盛

    近海

    20024

    2021

    江苏

    6600

    液货类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载重吨

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    1

    SOUTHERNPEC 9

    无限

    5482.6

    2011

    浙江

    $330

     

    Monthly Analysis of Ship Auction Market in China

    April 2021

    In April, driven by the growth of domestic and foreign bulk transport demand, fleet efficiency remains tight which makes the freight rates fluctuating at a high level. Coal prices remain high and still have some room to rise because of the high industrial electricity consumption. With the summer approaching, power plants accelerate the pace of coal replenishment which makes the coal market continually heat up. Affected by high freight price, shipowners are confident and eager to buy ships, but there is few ships available in the market. There is less ship auction projects in April than last month, with a total of 48 auctions and 29 transactions, with a transaction rate of 60.4%. The total starting price was about 672.07m, while the total transaction price was 363.45m. Although the number of auctioned ships is less than last month, the transaction price keeps rising.

    The costal freight rates fluctuate at a high level, and the shipowners are reluctant to sell ships.

    The domestic and foreign trade market of April keeps up the positive trend, with freight rates fluctuating at high level, and there are more inquiries for second-hand bulk carriers. According to data from www.shipbid.net1, the total ship auctions of April are 48, which decrease 30 MOM but increase 18 YOY. Among them, the bulk carrier auctions are 12, which decrease 7 MOM. The chemical & tanker auctions are 5, which increase 4 MOM. In terms of transaction, there are 29 ships sold, which decrease 14 MOM, with transaction rate of 60.4%, slight increasing from last month.

    In April, the price of ship auction continues to rise. The total starting price is approximately 672.07m, which increases 266.42m MOM and 467.29m YOY. The total transaction price is 363.45m, which increases 25.73m MOM and 338.79m YOY.

     

    Chart1 Total of Ship Auctions in China

     

    Chart2 Total Price of Ship Auction in China

    The dry bulk transportation market is booming, while the liquid cargo transportation market is relatively quiet.

    Although the temperature is rising, the demand for coal remains high even in the off-season. The prices of coal, steel and raw materials such as iron ore have continually broken new records which make the domestic transportation capacity tight and freight prices high. Under this situation, shipowners are more enthusiastic about buying ships but there is not much ships available in the second-hand exchange market. Meanwhile, the liquid cargo transportation market is relatively stable. The price of crude oil has risen slightly, and which of product oil has also risen. However, the overall demand of the downstream market is stable so the freight rate of tankers slightly fluctuates.

    In terms of judicial auction, there are 27 ships auctioned in April, of which 13 are sold. The total starting price is 402.96m, and the total transaction price is 42.10m. In terms of commercial auctions, there are 21 ships auctioned, of which 16 are sold. The total starting price is 269.11m, the total transaction price is 321.34m. There is few judicial auctions in April while commercial auctions increases significantly, with the transaction price increases by 47.7% MOM.

    Followed are some specific auctions. In terms of bulk carrier, the 52,700DWT bulk carrier HUARONG 5 is sold at 113.40m, with a premium rate of 48%. The 22,000DWT bulk carrier XINHAIZHOU 29 is sold at 48.25m. The 35,000DWT bulk carrier JINCHENG 18 is sold at 91.30m. In terms of tanker, the transaction of it remains low, with the "HEYU 17" tanker sold at 3.95m. In terms of other shipsthere are 3 engineering ships and 2 ro-ro passenger ships sold in April, which is fewer than last month. Besides, there are many fishery ships auctioned but only 4 are sold.


    Samples of Ship Auctions

    Bulk Carriers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    Transaction Price

    Bids

    1

    HUARONG 5

    Unrestricted navigation

    52713

    2012

    ZheJiang

    76.6M

    113.4M

    209

    2

    XINHAIZHOU 29

    Coastal

    22285

    2009

    ZheJiang

    38.35M

    48.25M

    59

    3

    HUARONG 2

    Unrestricted navigation

    56439

    2013

    ZheJiang

    88M

    120M

    131

    Chemicals & Tankers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    Transaction Price

    Bids

    1

    HEYU 17

    Coastal

    918

    2012

    ZheJiang

    3.3M

    3.95M

    28

    Engineering Ships

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    Transaction Price

    Bids

    1

    GSE010

    Coastal

    -

    2016

    ZheJiang

    35M

    40.9M

    59

    Preview of Ship Auctions

    Bulk Carriers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    1

    JIAQUANYONGSHENG

    Coastal

    20024

    2021

    JiangSu

    66M

    Chemicals & Tankers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    1

    SOUTHERNPEC 9

    Unrestricted navigation

    5482.6

    2011

    ZheJiang

    $3.3M

     


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