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    2021年6月船舶拍卖市场评述
    2021-07-14 09:39:54  来源:浙江船舶交易市场  浏览次数:326  文字:【大】 【中】 【小】

    2021年6月船舶拍卖市场评述

    6月,气温升高,民用电负荷攀升,煤炭需求旺季来临,但由于部分工厂高炉限产、错峰生产,电厂日耗总体保持平稳。加上前期大宗商品价格上涨,市场调控力度加大,市场供应有所收紧,现货市场成交活跃度下降,空闲运力增加,市场运价总体有所下跌,船东买船热情有所降温,观望情绪渐浓。本月船舶拍卖艘次保持上涨,但大型船舶成交较少,成交额不及前期。总体来看,中国船舶拍卖市场累计拍卖76艘次,成交42艘次,成交率56.6%,起拍价累计约28818万人民币,成交额累计11245万人民币,成交额较上月降幅较大。

    一、大宗商品价格调控加大,运输市场观望情绪渐浓

    受大宗商品价格大幅拉涨影响,市场需求趋弱,成交下滑,运价应声下跌。根据拍船网(www.shipbid.net)统计数据6月,中国船舶拍卖市场累计拍卖76艘次,环比增加16艘次,同比增加33艘次。其中,干散货类船舶拍卖24艘次,环比增加13艘次,液货类船舶拍卖5艘次,环比减少3艘次。成交率方面,本月累计成交43艘次,环比增加5艘次,成交率为56.6%,成交率环比小幅下降。

    拍卖成交金额环比有所下降。6月,中国船舶拍卖市场起拍价累计约28818万人民币,环比减少15883万人民币,同比减少87万人民币;成交额累计11397万人民币,环比减少28624万人民币,同比减少3642万人民币。

     

    图1 中国船舶拍卖市场拍卖艘次情况

     

    图2 中国船舶拍卖市场拍卖金额情况

    二、煤炭价格偏高供货不足,沿海运输市场表现平淡

    受安检、环保及产能因素限制,煤炭供应出现区域性偏紧,价格走势不明朗,导致产地发货意愿不强,市场商谈趋弱,成交停滞,沿海运价出现小幅下跌。国际运输市场则从疫情中加速恢复,且集装箱市场外溢效应增强,国际航线干散货运价高位波动。液货运输市场方面,国际原油价格持续上涨,市场需求良好,上游出货积极,运力偏紧,运价小幅上扬。

    司法拍卖方面,本月拍卖船舶55艘次,成交29艘次,起拍价总额22482万元,成交总额8887万元;商业拍卖方面,本月拍卖船舶21艘次,成交14艘次,起拍价总额6335万元,成交总额2510万元。本月拍卖船舶吨位总体偏小,拍卖成交额大幅下降。

    重点船舶拍卖情况,干散货船舶方面,“海燕8”9838吨散货船以658.56万人民币成交,“JIA TAI3.5万吨散货船以920万美元成交。油运船舶方面,“中燃油供23”内河油船以292.33万人民币成交。其他船型方面,“迪海3”近海集装箱船以2576万人民币成交,工程船和客滚类船舶本月分别成交3艘次,渔业用船本月成交6艘次。


    「拍卖成交船舶案例」

    干散货类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载货吨

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    成交价

    万元

    出价次数

    1

    海燕8

    无限

    9838

    2011

    江苏

    ¥658.56

    ¥658.56

    1

    2

    JIA TAI

    无限

    35112

    2011

    浙江

    $920

    $920

    1

    3

    天台12

    近海

    16286

    2009

    浙江

    2950

    3202

    88

    液货类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载货吨

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    成交价

    万元

    出价次数

    1

    中燃油供23

    内河

    877.76

    2008

    江苏

    ¥199.83

    ¥292.33

    102

    集装箱及多用途船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载货吨

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    成交价

    万元

    出价次数

    1

    迪海3

    近海

    -

    2011

    江苏

    ¥2301

    ¥2576

    26

    「拍卖船舶预告」

    干散类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载货吨

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    1

    浩帆5

    沿海

    17381

    2009

    浙江

    ¥2200

    2

    盛嘉禾2

    沿海

    34365

    2013

    浙江

    6100

    液货类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    载货吨

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    1

    宏运油19

    沿海

    3000

    1999

    福建

    866

     

    Monthly Analysis of Ship Auction Market in China

    June 2021

    In June, with the temperature rises, the electrical demand of residents rises, and the peak season for coal demand is approaching. However, due to the limit or shifting peak production of some factories, the daily consumption of power plants has generally remained stable. To control the increase in the price of bulk commodities, the market regulation has been strengthened, the supply has been tightened, which causes lower spot market activity and more available capacity. The fallen market freight rate cools down the shipowners’ enthusiasm for buying ships and the wait-and-see sentiment is getting stronger. The number of ship auctions keeps rising this month, with fewer large-scale ships and lower transaction price. There are 76 ships auctioned in June and 42 are sold with the transaction rate of 56.6%. The total starting price is about 288.18m, while the total transaction price is 112.45m, dropped significantly.

    The powerful regulation of bulk commodity prices makes the wait-and-see sentiment of the transportation market stronger.

    Affected by the sharp rise in commodity prices, market demand has weakened together with declined transaction and lower freight rate. According to data from www.shipbid.net, the total ship auctions of June are 76, which increase 16 MOM and 33 YOY. Among them, the bulk carrier auctions are 24, which increase 13 MOM. The chemical & tanker auctions are 5, which decrease 3 MOM. In terms of transaction, there are 43 ships sold, which increase 5 MOM, with transaction rate of 56.6%, which slightly decrease from last month.

    In June, the price of ship auction decreases from last month. The total starting price is approximately 288.18m, which decreases 158.83m MOM and 0.87m YOY. The total transaction price is 113.97m, which decreases 286.24m MOM and 36.42m YOY.

     

    Chart1 Total of Ship Auctions in China

     

    Chart2 Total Price of Ship Auction in China

    The coal supply is insufficient because of high price, and the coastal transportation market is flat.

    Restricted by safety inspection, environmental protection and production limitation, coal supply has been tight regionally, and price trends are uncertain. This has caused a lack of willingness of delivering, weak market negotiations, stagnant transactions, and a slight drop in coastal freight rate. The international transportation market ,on the other hand, has accelerated its recovery from the epidemic, and driven by the seething container market, dry bulk freight rate on international routes fluctuates at high levels. In the liquid cargo transportation market, crude oil price continues to rise with good market demand, upstream shipment is active, which makes shipping

    In terms of judicial auction, there are 55 ships auctioned in June, of which 29 are sold. The total starting price is 224.82m, and the total transaction price is 88.87m. In terms of commercial auctions, there are 21 ships auctioned, of which 14 are sold. The total starting price is 63.35m, the total transaction price is 25.10m. The tonnage of auctioned ships is generally small in June, while the transaction price drops sharply.

    Followed are some specific auctions. In terms of bulk carrier, the 9,838DWT bulk carrier HAIYAN 8 is sold at 6.5856m. The 35,000DWT bulk carrier JIA TAI is sold at $9.20m. In terms of tanker, the inland tanker "ZHONGRANYOUGONG 23" is sold at 2.9233m. In terms of other shipsthe offshore container DIHAI 3 is sold at 25.76m. Besides, there are 3 engineering ships, 3 ro-ro passenger ships and 6 fishery ships sold.


    Samples of Ship Auctions

    Bulk Carriers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    Transaction Price

    Bids

    1

    HAIYAN 8

    Unrestricted navigation

    9838

    2011

    JiangSu

    6.5856M

    6.5856M

    1

    2

    JIA TAI

    Unrestricted navigation

    35112

    2011

    ZheJiang

    $9.2M

    $9.2M

    1

    3

    TIANTAI 12

    Coastal

    16286

    2009

    ZheJiang

    29.5M

    32.02M

    88

    Chemicals & Tankers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    Transaction Price

    Bids

    1

    ZHONGRANYOUGONG 23

    Inland river

    877.76

    2008

    JiangSu

    1.99M

    2.92M

    102

    Container Ships

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    Transaction Price

    Bids

    1

    DIHAI 3

    Coastal

    -

    2011

    JiangSu

    23.01M

    25.76M

    26

    Preview of Ship Auctions

    Bulk Carriers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    1

    HAOFAN 5

    Coastal

    17381

    2009

    ZheJiang

    22M

    2

    SHENGJIAHE 2

    Coastal

    34365

    2013

    ZheJiang

    61M

    Chemicals & Tankers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    1

    HONGYUNYOU 19

    Coastal

    3000

    1999

    FuJian

    8.66M

     

     

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