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    2021年8月船舶拍卖市场评述
    2021-09-14 14:20:53  来源:浙江船舶交易市场  浏览次数:287  文字:【大】 【中】 【小】

    2021年8月船舶拍卖市场评述

    今年夏季,南方地区高温天气不常见,居民用电量回落,但在工业用电的有力支撑下,电厂日耗仍处于高位。电厂根据煤价走势少量补库,总体电煤库存仍处于低位运行的状态,但较上月库存有所增长。港口煤炭价格持续上涨后回稳,沿海散货运输市场较上月运价小幅上扬,国际干散货市场则延续上涨态势,当前船东信心较足,干散货市场在售船舶较少,船价高位。油运市场表现清淡,船价有所下滑。总体来看,中国船舶拍卖市场累计拍63艘次,成交39艘次,成交率61.9%,起拍价累计约42791万人民币,成交额累计24234万人民币,成交情况较上月有所增长。

    一、运输市场总体稳中带涨,船东多以运营为主

    国际干散货市场火爆行情继续拉动内外贸兼营船舶外流,国内沿海运价小幅上涨,船东情绪较为乐观。根据拍船网(www.shipbid.net)统计数据8月,中国船舶拍卖市场累计拍卖63艘次,环比减少11艘次,同比增加16艘次。其中,干散货类船舶拍卖18艘次,环比减少3艘次,液货类船舶拍卖6艘次,环比减少2艘次。成交率方面,本月累计成交39艘次,环比增加5艘次,成交率为61.9%,成交率环比增幅明显。

    拍卖成交额继续上扬。8月,中国船舶拍卖市场起拍价累计42791万人民币,环比增加5015万人民币,同比增加25115万人民币;成交额累计24234万人民币,环比增加3636万人民币,同比增加7745万人民币

     

    1 中国船舶拍卖市场拍卖艘次情况

     

    2 中国船舶拍卖市场拍卖金额情况

    二、国际干散货市场依旧火爆,带动沿海运输市场行情上扬

    8月中旬,国际干散货市场热度再次快速上扬,BDI指数回升至2010年以来的最高水平。市场总体处于“两极分化”状态,铁矿石交易市场较为活跃,运价连创今年新高,但对于铁矿石价格而言,处于2020年11月以来的最低水平。沿海运输市场受海外市场影响,运价较上月有所上扬,总体处于较为合理的水平。液货运输市场方面,8月油品需求较为平淡,运价有所下滑,9月,随着中国秋季双节临近,下游补库操作将会增加,油运市场有望小幅回暖。

    司法拍卖方面,本月拍卖船舶34艘次,成交21艘次,起拍价总额30414万元,成交总额14905万元;商业拍卖方面,本月拍卖船舶29艘次,成交18艘次,起拍价总额12393万元,成交总额9374万元。本月司法拍卖和商业拍卖环比均有较大涨幅,司法拍卖成交多艘工程类船舶,商业拍卖有多艘大吨位散货船成交。

    重点船舶拍卖情况,干散货船舶方面,“成路”系列“成路28”、“成路29”、“成路58”散货船分别以2102.8万元、2422.4万元、3261.2万元成交成交。油运船舶方面,本月成交的油运船舶多为小型成品油船,未有大型油船成交。其他船型方面,本月有2艘集装箱船舶成交,工程类船舶成交8艘次,成交额9909万元,渔业用船和客滚类船舶分别成交5艘次和1艘次


    「拍卖成交船舶案例」

    干散货类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    DWT/参考载货量

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    成交价

    万元

    出价次数

    1

    成路28

    无限

    8033.4

    2011

    浙江

    1652.8

    2102.8

    42

    2

    成路29

    无限

    8052.72

    2012

    浙江

    1762.4

    2422.4

    33

    3

    成路58

    近海

    15995

    2006

    浙江

    2031.2

    3261.2

    26

    4

    华融1

    无限

    56381

    2012

    浙江

    9500

    12410

    115

    5

    B85K-9”在建船舶

    无限

    85000

    2022

    辽宁

    $3018

    $3603

    36

    6

    JOSCO SUZHOU

    无限

    49416

    2004

    江苏

    $870

    $1350

    26

    「拍卖船舶预告」

    干散类船舶

    序号

    船名

    航区

    DWT/参考载货量

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    1

    成路1

    近海

    7900

    2006

    浙江

    1170.56

    2

    SEACON 6

    无限

    56826

    2012

    浙江

    $1480

    多用途船

    序号

    船名

    航区

    DWT/参考载货量

    建造年份

    造船厂

    起拍价

    万元

    1

    YANGZE VENUS

    无限

    12094.4

    2013

    山东

    $1212

     

    Monthly Analysis of Ship Auction Market in China

    August 2021

    During the summer time, high-temperature is rare in the southern region, and residential electricity has fallen. However, with the strong demand of industrial electricity, the daily consumption of power plants is still at a high level. Together with the high coal price, the power plants are cautious in replenishment which leads to low coal inventory but more than July. The price of coal at ports has risen then remained stable. The freight rate of coastal dry bulk transportation rises slightly from July, meanwhile the international dry bulk market continues to increase. Shipowners’ confidence is relatively high so the dry bulk market has fewer ships on sale with high price. However, the crude oil transportation market is sluggish with falling ship price. There are 63 ships auctioned in August and 39 are sold with the transaction rate of 61.9%. The total starting price is about 427.91m, while the total transaction price is 242.34m, increasing significantly.

    Transportation market is steadily rising so the ship owners mostly focus on operations.

    The booming international dry bulk market continues to attract domestic ships which makes costal freight rates rise slightly and shipowners feel optimistic. According to data from Shipbid.net, in China, the total ship auctions of August are 63, which decrease 11 MOM but increases 16 YOY. Among them, the bulk carriers are 18, which decrease 3 MOM. The chemical & tankers are 6, which decrease 2 MOM. In terms of transaction, there are 39 ships sold, which increase 5 MOM, with transaction rate of 61.9%, sharply increasing from last month.

    In August, the price of ship auction steadily increases. The total starting price is approximately 427.91m, which increases 50.15m MOM and 251.15m YOY. The total transaction price is 242.34m, which increases 36.36m MOM and77.45m YOY.

     

    Chart1 Total of Ship Auctions in China

     

    Chart2 Total Price of Ship Auction in China

    International dry bulk market remains hot, driving the coastal transportation market.

    In mid-August, the international dry bulk market rose rapidly, and the BDI rebounded to the highest point since 2010. However the market is polarized: the iron ore shipping market is relatively active, with freight rates hitting new highs this year, while iron ore price is now at the lowest level since November 2020. Affected by the international market, the freight rate of coastal transportation market has risen from July, and is now at a reasonable level. In the liquid cargo transportation market, demand for crude oil is relatively flat, and freight rate has declined. In September, as the Mid-Autumn Festival and the National Day approaching, downstream replenishment will increase, and the oil transportation market is expected to pick up slightly.

    In terms of judicial auction, there are 34 ships auctioned in August, of which 21 are sold. The total starting price is 304.14m, and the total transaction price is 149.05m. In terms of commercial auctions, there are 29 ships auctioned, of which 18 are sold. The total starting price is 123.93m, the total transaction price is 93.74m. There is many engineering ships sold in judicial auctions and many large-tonnage bulk carriers sold in commercial auctions, both increased significantly compared with July.

    Followed are some specific auctions. In terms of bulk carrier, there are 3 bulk carriers of CHENG LU sold in August, of which CHENG LU 28 sold at 21.028m, CHENG LU 29 sold at 24.224m and CHENG LU 58 sold at 32.612m. In terms of tanker, there are mostly small -tonnage product oil tankers traded in August. In terms of other ships, there are 2 container ships and 8 engineering ships sold with the total price of 99.09m, together with 5 fishery ships and only 1 ro-ro passenger ship.


    Samples of Ship Auctions

    Bulk Carriers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT/

    Reference capacity

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    Transaction Price

    Bids

    1

    CHENGLU 28

    Unrestricted navigation

    8033.4

    2011

    ZheJiang

    16.528M

    21.028M

    42

    2

    CHENGLU 29

    Unrestricted navigation

    8052.72

    2012

    ZheJiang

    17.624M

    24.224M

    33

    3

    CHENGLU 58

    Coastal

    15995

    2006

    ZheJiang

    20.312M

    32.612M

    26

    4

    HUARONG 1

    Unrestricted navigation

    56381

    2012

    ZheJiang

    95M

    124.1M

    115

    5

    Hull No.B85K-9

    Unrestricted navigation

    85000

    2022

    LiaoNing

    $30.18M

    $36.03M

    36

    6

    JOSCO SUZHOU

    Unrestricted navigation

    49416

    2004

    JiangSu

    $8.7M

    $13.5M

    26

    Preview of Ship Auctions

    Bulk Carriers

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT/

    Reference capacity

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    1

    CHENGLU 1

    Coastal

    7900

    2006

    ZheJiang

    11.7056M

    2

    SEACON 6

    Unrestricted navigation

    56826

    2012

    ZheJiang

    $14.80M

    Multi-purpose Vessels

    NO.

    Ship Name

    Sailing Area

    DWT/

    Reference capacity

    Year Built

    Shipyard

    Starting Price

    1

    YANGZE VENUS

    Unrestricted navigation

    12094.4

    2013

    ShanDong

    $12.12M

     

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